Eligibility for Food Stamps in Virginia


You must know about food stamps requirements in Virginia before you can determine if you qualify for the program. If you meet the requirements for food stamps, you can submit an application. Before applying, you must understand the income limits for food stamps, how citizenship affects eligibility and who is not eligible for the benefits. Understanding these qualifications is crucial before you begin the VA food assistance application, as it can save you a lot of time in the VA food stamps application process. Learn more about how to become eligible for Virginia food assistance by reviewing the sections below.

How to Qualify for Food Stamps in Virginia

Food stamps eligibility depends on a few different factors. In order to meet the SNAP food stamps requirements in VA, you must be a resident of the state of Virginia. To be a VA resident, you must live in Virginia for more than 183 days during the year. Please note that those 183 days of residency do not have to be consecutive.

Another one of the food stamps income guidelines is that your current bank balance (both checking and savings together) is under a certain amount. This amount is also dependent on whether or not you share the household with a person with a disability (this could be your child, spouse, parent or yourself) or you share your household with at least one person that is considered elderly (older than 60 years of age).

In addition, to qualify for food assistance in Virginia, there are specific income limits you must meet. Your annual household income before taxes must be lower than the determined maximum income level. This maximum income level is determined annually. For more information on the income limits for food stamps, download our comprehensive guide.

You may be ineligible to qualify for food assistance if you own certain resources. One Virginia food stamps requirement is that households must have less than a certain number in total countable resources. This is similar to the requirements for your bank account balance, though it also includes cash. This allowed amount of countable resources also varies based on whether the household includes a person who is considered elderly or is disabled.

When considering income guidelines for food stamps, certain resources are not considered. They include:

  • Your home and/or land.
  • Most retirement and/or pension plans (though some withdrawals could be considered income or resources).
  • Any resources from applicants who receive Supplemental Security Income (SSI).
  • Any resources from applicants who receive Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF or more commonly known as welfare).

Certain vehicles do count for food stamps requirements and eligibility purposes. Any fair market valuation of the vehicle over a certain pre-determined amount counts as a resource. However, there are vehicles that are not considered a resource. A few of the licensed vehicles that are not included are vehicles that are:

  • Used as a home.
  • Used for income-producing work (for example: a taxi or delivery vehicle).
  • Used to transport a physically disabled household member.
  • Used to transport most of the household’s fuel and/or water.

Food Stamps Requirements for Work in Virginia

To fill the requirements for food stamps in VA, the applicant must meet certain work requirements including: registering for work if unemployed, not reducing hours or quitting his or her current job, accepting any presented job offer and possibly participating in employment or training programs. In addition, eligibility guidelines for food stamps require applicants must work for certain hours each week. Thus, it is important to be aware of the Virginia SNAP eligibility work requirements in VA before learning how to apply for SNAP benefits. Learn more about work requirements for eligibility in our guide found here.

Elderly or Disabled Applicants Qualifying for Food Stamps in Virginia

In terms of the requirements for food stamps in VA, an elderly person is any applicant older than 60 years of age. For an applicant to qualify as disabled for food stamps eligibility purposes, he or she must meet at least one of the following criteria:

  • Applicant receives State disability or blindness payments based on SSI rules, or is considered disabled under SSI or is eligible for Medicare.
  • Applicant receives disability or blindness payments under Social Security Act.
  • Applicant receives disability retirement benefit from a governmental agency because of a permanent disability.
  • Applicant receives an annuity under the Railroad Retirement Act.
  • Applicant is a veteran who is disabled, unable to leave home, or needs regular attendance.
  • Applicant is a child or spouse of a disabled veteran who is receiving VA benefits.

There are food assistance application exceptions for elderly applicants or applicants with disabilities. As one example, applicants may not meet eligibility requirements for food stamps in Virginia if they receive most of their meals from an institution. However, this does not apply to elderly and disabled applicants.

Virginia Department of Social Services